The article analyzes for the metropolitan area of Barcelona, the differentiated behavior of the population with respect to daily mobility in a highly exceptional situation: the health and social crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The research is based on the analysis of the validations of the transport tickets on weekdays to access the railway transport modes (metro, suburban railway and tram), in relation to the mean income of the area where each of the accesses is made.
The aim of this paper is to achieve a study of the complex regulatory framework applicable to the spanish tourism sector, based on the rapid and violent emergence of the coronavirus (COVID-19). It analyzes the current normative group of the hotel, restaurant, tourist transport and realize some brief considerations on the tourist leases of business premises, company and accommodation management, in an attempt to configure the basic legal structures of the tourism sector in Spain.
The effects of COVID-19 are being felt in Spain and are having a significant impact on the Telecom companies. As the Spanish government's impose restrictions on movement, people are spending more time at home work, leisure and using vastly higher amount of data. The 17th March Real Decreto-ley 8/2020, approving urgent exceptional measures to deal with the economic and social impact of COVID-19 are focused on at how telecommunications make changes to benefit consumers during this time. © 2020 Ibero-American Law Institute. All rights reserved.
It is uncertain whether the already several month long confinement experience will have lasting consequences on the mobility patterns of citizens and on the paradigms that have dominated public policies in our country as in most of Europe. What can be said by now is that it has highlighted the capacity of most citizens to adjust to a new low-mobility routine, the risks of increasing social exclusion and the difficulties of the mobility system to adapt to new conditions.
OBJECTIVE: Social determinants and health inequalities have a huge impact on health of populations. It is important to study their role in the management of the Covid-19 epidemic, especially in cities, as certain variables like the number of tests and the access to health system cannot be assumed as equal. The aim of this work was to determine the relation of social determinants in the incidence of Covid-19 in the city of Barcelona.
Healthcare emergencies require rapid responses to ensure that citizens have access to information to prevent disease transmission and minimise risks. In multicultural societies, informative materials must be available in several languages to reach diverse groups. In the context of the COVID-19 healthcare emergency in Spain, this paper explores institutions responsible for translating materials, contents covered, their format and target languages. Websites of institutions containing healthcare information are examined, to subsequently analyse a sample of materials and select examples.
Objectives: This study aimed to examine the link between human mobility and the number of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)–infected people in countries. Study design: Our data set covers 144 countries for which complete data are available. To analyze the link between human mobility and COVID-19–infected people, our study focused on the volume of air travel, the number of airports, and the Schengen system. Methods: To analyze the variation in COVID-19–infected people in countries, we used negative binomial regression analysis.
The Covid-19 pandemic has brought international tourism at a standstill. Peer-to-peer (P2P) accommodation, in particular, has been greatly affected with platforms being heavily criticised for lacking a strategic response to users’ needs. Drawing from semi-structured interviews with P2P accommodation hosts, this study aims to explore: a) their perceptions of the short-term impacts of the pandemic on their hosting practice, b) their responses to the pandemic and c) their perceptions of the long-term impacts of the pandemic on the P2P accommodation sector.
Introduction: COVID-19 pandemic has lead to lockdown of population in many countries. In Spain, the state of alarm was established from March 15 to June 20, 2020. Usually this fact decreased people's mobility and physical activity, in addition to producing or exacerbating psychological disorders. Our aim was to determine the influence that this condition had over the short-term ponderal results of patients undergoing laparoscopic vertical gastrectomy from May 2019 to May 2020.