Irregular migrants belong to the most vulnerable migrant groups. Health threats associated with an irregular status are high, and access to health services is severely restricted globally. Concerning migration aspects, a common public narrative for Europe and Africa is that Africa is sending thousands of migrants to embark on an irregular life-threatening journey of migration to Europe every year. Although this is a well documented reality, it is by far not the most important migration pattern in terms of numbers and health threats when looking at Africa.
Coverage of migrant and refugee data is incomplete and of insufficient quality in European health information systems. This is not because we lack the knowledge or technology. Rather, it is due to various political factors at local, national and European levels, which hinder the implementation of existing knowledge and guidelines. This reflects the low political priority given to the topic, and also complex governance challenges associated with migration and displacement.
HIV epidemics in the EU and European Economic Area are increasingly diverse in transmission modes and groups affected. Substantial gaps in data exist on HIV burden and access to the HIV continuum of care among migrants living in this region, particularly individuals in precarious circumstances such as migrants with irregular status. Migrants have a higher HIV burden compared with the general population, and high rates of post-migration HIV acquisition.
This study analyzes the impact that the COVID-19 has had on the free movement of people and the control of both internal and external borders in the EU, at a particularly delicate time, coinciding with the opening of the Conference on the future of the EU. The hypothesis is that the legal framework of free movement both in International Law and in European Law is not suitable to adopt the restrictions that the fight against the pandemic requires.
Background: Human mobility was associated with epidemic changes of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the countries, where strict public health interventions reduced human mobility and COVID-19 epidemics. But its association with COVID-19 epidemics in the European Union (EU) is unclear. Methods: In this quasi-experimental interrupted time-series study, we modelled trends in human mobility and epidemics of COVID-19 in 27 EU states between January 15 and May 9, 2020. The associations of lockdown-date, and turning points of these trends were assessed.
[No abstract available]
Whereas the heart of the purpose and activity of the European Union is concerned with economic harmonisation, its internal market, and the freedom of movement of people, goods, services, and capital, necessarily require public health measures. The EU is committed to both human rights and to “Health in All Policies”. This paper considers how that agenda has been confronted by the COVID-19 pandemic. It considers how the EU Treaties limit the possible scope of that response.