Health equity and COVID-19: Global perspectives

Shadmi E.,
Chen Y.,
Dourado I.,
Faran-Perach I.,
Furler J.,
Hangoma P.,
Hanvoravongchai P.,
Obando C.,
Petrosyan V.,
Rao K.D.,
Ruano A.L.,
Shi L.,
De Souza L.E.,
Spitzer-Shohat S.,
Sturgiss E.,
Suphanchaimat R.,
Uribe M.V.,
Willems S.
Document Type
Source Title
International Journal for Equity in Health
BioMed Central


The COVID-19 is disproportionally affecting the poor, minorities and a broad range of vulnerable populations, due to its inequitable spread in areas of dense population and limited mitigation capacity due to high prevalence of chronic conditions or poor access to high quality public health and medical care. Moreover, the collateral effects of the pandemic due to the global economic downturn, and social isolation and movement restriction measures, are unequally affecting those in the lowest power strata of societies. To address the challenges to health equity and describe some of the approaches taken by governments and local organizations, we have compiled 13 country case studies from various regions around the world: China, Brazil, Thailand, Sub Saharan Africa, Nicaragua, Armenia, India, Guatemala, United States of America (USA), Israel, Australia, Colombia, and Belgium. This compilation is by nomeans representative or all inclusive, and we encourage researchers to continue advancing global knowledge on COVID-19 health equity related issues, through rigorous research and generation of a strong evidence base of new empirical studies in this field. © 2020 Royal Society of Chemistry. All rights reserved.

Migration angle
Index Keywords

disease prevalence; equity; global perspective; health policy; public health; viral disease; virus; vulnerability; Africa south of the Sahara; Armenia; Australia; Belgium; Brazil; China; Colombia; coronavirus disease 2019; disease transmission; global health; Guatemala; health care access; health care delivery; health care system; health disparity; health equity; health literacy; health promotion; human; India; infection control; isolation; Israel; Nicaragua; pandemic; poverty; primary medical care; priority journal; public health insurance; public health service; quarantine; racism; Review; sustainable development; telehealth; Thailand; United States; Coronavirus infection; global health; health disparity; pandemic; socioeconomics; virus pneumonia; Africa; Armenia [West Asia]; Australia; Belgium; Brazil; China; Guatemala; India; Israel; Nicaragua; Thailand; United States; Coronavirus Infections; Global Health; Health Equity; Health Status Disparities; Humans; Pandemics; Pneumonia, Viral; Socioeconomic Factors