Initial Assessment of the Impact of the Emergency State Lockdown Measures on the 1st Wave of the COVID-19 Epidemic in Portugal

Introduction: Portugal took early action to control the COVID-19 epidemic, initiating lockdown measures on March 16th when it recorded only 62 cases of COVID-19 per million inhabitants and reported no deaths. The Portuguese public complied quickly, reducing their overall mobility by 80%. The aim of this study was to estimate the initial impact of the lockdown in Portugal in terms of the reduction of the burden on the healthcare system.

Urgency and rule of law in the time of covid-19: Between some essential limits and a needed flexibility [Urgenza e legalità ai tempi del CoViD-19: Fra limiti imprescindibili e necessaria flessibilità]

In order to cope with the CoViD-19 epidemic, the Italian Government approved two Decree-law, later ratified by Parliament, conferring the Prime Minister the power to adopt the regulation to implement the social distancing measures. The essay deals with the compatibility of such a normative method with the Italian Constitution, in particular with the principles concerning the exercise of the legislative power by the Government in emergency situations (art. 77) and the freedom of movement enshrined by art. 16 of the Italian Basic Law. © 2020, University of Trento.

Restrictions on the free movement of persons in the EU during the COVID-19 era: Towards an uncertain future [Las restricciones a la libre circulación de personas en la UE durante la era COVID-19: Hacia un futuro incierto]

This study analyzes the impact that the COVID-19 has had on the free movement of people and the control of both internal and external borders in the EU, at a particularly delicate time, coinciding with the opening of the Conference on the future of the EU. The hypothesis is that the legal framework of free movement both in International Law and in European Law is not suitable to adopt the restrictions that the fight against the pandemic requires.

The universal electronic communications service to fight COVID-19 [El servicio universal de telecomunicaciones ante el COVID-19]

The effects of COVID-19 are being felt in Spain and are having a significant impact on the Telecom companies. As the Spanish government's impose restrictions on movement, people are spending more time at home work, leisure and using vastly higher amount of data. The 17th March Real Decreto-ley 8/2020, approving urgent exceptional measures to deal with the economic and social impact of COVID-19 are focused on at how telecommunications make changes to benefit consumers during this time. © 2020 Ibero-American Law Institute. All rights reserved.

Analysis of prevention measures in Shenzhen based on SIQR model during the novel coronavirus pneumonia [基于SIQR模型的新冠肺炎期间深圳市防控措施分析]

The epidemic situation in the novel coronavirus input areas represented by Shenzhen has quickly stabilized under various prevention and control measures, since the novel coronavirus outbreak in China. In this paper, we use the SIQR (susceptible infection quarantined recovered) model of transmission dynamics to simulate the real epidemic development of Shenzhen, and score the strength of various control measures, simulate the epidemic development under different measures scores.

Social distancing metrics and estimates of SARS-COV-2 transmission rates: Associations between mobile telephone data tracking and R

Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the causative agent of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In the absence of robust preventive or curative strategies, the implementation of social distancing has been a key component of limiting the spread of the virus. Methods: Daily estimates of R(t) were calculated and compared with measures of social distancing made publicly available by Unacast.

Defining facets of social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic: Twitter analysis

Objectives: Using Twitter, we aim to (1) define and quantify the prevalence and evolution of facets of social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic in the US in a spatiotemporal context and (2) examine amplified tweets among social distancing facets. Materials and methods: We analyzed English and US-based tweets containing “coronavirus” between January 23-March 24, 2020 using the Twitter API. Tweets containing keywords were grouped into six social distancing facets: implementation, purpose, social disruption, adaptation, positive emotions, and negative emotions.

Mathematical modeling of COVID-19: Impact of non-pharmaceutical interventions in India

In the absence of effective vaccine/antiviral strategies for reducing the burden of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in India, the main focus has been on basic non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs), such as nationwide lockdown (travel restrictions and the closure of schools, shopping malls, and worshipping and other gathering places), quarantining of exposed individuals, and isolation of infected individuals.

The impact of social distancing as a response to COVID-19 among foreign students in Wuhan, China

The measures to contain the rapid spread of the COVID-19 pandemic presented a myriad of challenges worldwide. The control measures included lockdown, social distancing and quarantine of infected people, among others. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of social distancing on international students at Central China Normal University (CCNU) in Wuhan, China, where COVID-19 first emerged in December 2019. The research design was exploratory, using a semi-structured interview guide to gather data from a sample of 20 international students at CCNU.

Current situation of covid-19 in northern cyprus [Situation actuelle de la covid-19 dans la partie nord de chypre]

Background: The public health burden of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is expected to increase and ur-gent strict measures by decision-makers is critical for the containment of the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) outbreak worldwide. Aims: This study aimed to give a real-time analysis of COVID-19 presence in northern Cyprus. Methods: All official SARS-CoV-2 positive cases were tracked and reported in terms of the origin, nationality, and transmission routes. Preventive measures taken after the first reported case were analyzed for their effectiveness as control strategies.