The impact of COVID-19 on food security can best be understood from the downturn on agricultural and other related economic activities which were almost brought to a total halt during the pandemic. The restriction of movement/lockdown policy instituted by various governments heavily affected local and national food production as farmers could not go to their farmlands. More so, there was price gouging on raw food items as local farmers were reducing cultivation and harvest because of their safety.
Objective To estimate the effect of airline travel restrictions on the risk of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) importation. Methods We extracted passenger volume data for the entire global airline network, as well as the dates of the implementation of travel restrictions and the observation of the first case of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in each country or territory, from publicly available sources. We calculated effective distance between every airport and the city of Wuhan, China.
In order to understand the travel frequency and transportation modes of the Chinese population during the COVID-19 epidemic, the travel information of 8330 residents in 31 provinces from February 25th to March 14th, 2020 was collected, and the factors influencing the travel frequency and transportation mode were analyzed. According to the severity of the epidemic, 31 provinces were classified, and the difference in residents' transportation modes under different grades were analyzed and compared with those in non-epidemic periods.
The outbreak of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and its spread throughout the China have caused a huge impact on China and the international community. And now it becomes a worldwide infectious disease which poses a major threat to the lives of people around the world. What is worth noting about China is five million people left Wuhan before the Spring Festival, which caused the nationwide spreading of COVID-19 epidemic. Then, it raises a question of concern, should the return of migrant workers and students after the Spring Festival cause an increase in the epidemic?
In order to correctly evaluate the travel infection risks during the COVID-19 pandemic, this study proposed an infection risk assessment model based on the travel behavior analysis. Using the epidemiological survey data and online questionnaire data in Jiangsu, China this study developed and calibrated the travel behavior models for virus carriers and ordinary individuals. The travel behaviors of virus carriers and ordinary individuals were also compared. The infection risks were evaluated for different travel modes and travel activities.
Urban centres are the cultural assets that have been affected the most by Covid-19. Before the outbreak of the pandemic, historic cities were subject to large flows of both national and international tourists, in addition to the presence of local workers and residents, thus creating a phenomenon referred to as “overtourism” in international specialised literature, a term that highlights the excesses of an situation that is now out of control. When the lockdown ended, historic cities remained empty.
Seasonal migration to cities is a common livelihood strategy for forest-fringe households in central India. Based on a previously collected household survey of 5000 villages across 500 forest-fringe villages in 32 dis-tricts of central India, we identify migration patterns over the last 5 years. Villages with seasonal workers are widely dispersed (75% of surveyed villages) and 81% of destination cities had reported COVID-19 cas-es at the beginning of the lockdown.
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has emerged as a global health threat, with every nation facing unique challenges during the outbreak. Such pandemics are much beyond biological phenomena. They have psychosocial and economic implications that might long outlast the infection itself. India recently crossed 50,000 cases and is undergoing a historic nationwide lockdown in an attempt to control the outbreak.
Higher education has an important role in contributing to the creation of prosperity and alleviate poverty in society by enhancing the quality of life of the students. Past studies indicate that prosperity can be attained through the sustainability in security and development, in the sense which resources are effectively and efficiently managed for the state and its society. The creation of the state's prosperity includes the development of human capital through the platform of education.
The novel betacoronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has caused a global pandemic unprecedented in modern times. Understanding the key features that have enabled this virus to propagate so widely in the global community is critical to current and future clinical and public health efforts. High proportions of mild disease and peak viral loads at, and likely prior to, symptom onset have hindered efforts to identify and isolate infected persons effectively, facilitating undetected spread of the virus.