Air pollution in residential neighbourhoods on the outskirts of Bishkek, the capital city of Kyrgyzstan, is a public health emergency. Since the early 1990s, many internal migrants from various regions of the country have been moving to Bishkek in search of better living conditions. As living in the city is not affordable for them, many of these internal migrants built their houses on the outskirts, where they are still inadequately connected to the city’s public infrastructure.
This paper presents and discusses the findings of a desk review on the state of migration and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) of the populations in migrant-sending countries, including Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. In addition, it considers the qualitative data on the access of Central Asian internal and external migrants to antenatal and perinatal care, family planning services, and contraception, including condoms, safe abortion (legal in all countries under consideration), treatment of sexually transmitted infections,
This project proposed immediate interventions in several directions: (1) legal assistance to returning IDPs and refugees and the affected population. Main focus on restoring lost documents, ID cards, property titles, passports, school certificates, (2) psychosocial assistance to returning population through rehabilitation and reintegration programmes, (3) assessment mission of land and property issues as an underlying cause of conflict with a primary focus on: a. Lost/destroyed property documents, b. Competing claims for land, c.
The right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health – or simply “the right to health” – is explicitly formulated in an array of international law instruments, of which most Central Asian states are part. These instruments define states’ obligation to provide healthcare services for all, without discrimination based on health status, ethnicity, age, sex, disability, language, religion, national origin, income, social status or any other characteristic.
The proposed project will contribute to increase the availability and accessibility of health services for migrants in the benefiting countries – Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan. This will be achieved through supporting the development of comprehensive and evidence-based migration health policies and legislation in line with international norms and standards. Two expected outcomes will contribute to the realization of this objective.
This project aims to contribute to a reduction of HIV and TB incidence among migrant workers through raising awareness of the migrants on HIV and TB prevention, increasing HIV and TB detection and reducing treatment default through enhancing adherence to HIV and TB treatment. To achieve these objectives IOM will create a regional network of local NGOs and conduct training (jointly with PSI) and regular on-the-job seminars to enhance NGOs’ capacity for HIV and TB prevention among migrant workers.