Country Code

Application of the Health Action Process Approach to Social Distancing Behavior During COVID-19

Background: This study examined the social cognition determinants of social distancing behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic in samples from Australia and the US guided by the health action process approach (HAPA). Methods: Participants (Australia: N = 495, 50.1% women; US: N = 701, 48.9% women) completed HAPA social cognition constructs at an initial time-point (T1), and one week later (T2) self-reported their social distancing behavior. Results: Single-indicator structural equation models that excluded and included past behavior exhibited adequate fit with the data.

Human mobility and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a negative binomial regression analysis

Objectives: This study aimed to examine the link between human mobility and the number of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)–infected people in countries. Study design: Our data set covers 144 countries for which complete data are available. To analyze the link between human mobility and COVID-19–infected people, our study focused on the volume of air travel, the number of airports, and the Schengen system. Methods: To analyze the variation in COVID-19–infected people in countries, we used negative binomial regression analysis.


The article discusses the lockdown of the EU’s internal borders during the COVID-19 pandemic in Finland. Special attention is paid to bordering as a means of disease control and the governments’ aim to “protect the population and secure functions of society”. Not only did the government restrict flights and ‘non-essential’ travel from non-Schengen countries such as Russia, China and Thailand but, with some exceptions, it also restricted travel-to-work commuting and everyday cross-border encounters between Finland and its Schengen neighbours of Sweden, Norway and Estonia.

The MIPEX Health strand: a longitudinal, mixedmethods survey of policies on migrant health in 38 countries

Background Within health systems, equity between migrants and native-born citizens is still a long way from being achieved. Benchmarking the equitability of policies on migrant health is essential for monitoring progress and identifying positive and negative aspects of national policies. For this purpose, the 2015 round of the Migrant Integration Policy Index (MIPEX) was expanded to include a strand on health, in a collaborative project carried out between 2013 and 2017 in 38 countries. 

Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration Programme for Victims of Trafficking and Foreign Citizens in Prostitution in Sweden (AVRRTiPP-SWE IV)

Building on the previous phases in 2012-2016, the programme continues to cater for victims of trafficking (VoTs) and foreign citizens in prostitution in Sweden by offering a possibility for Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR). The support includes assistance in informing the potential beneficiaries of the AVRR possibility; counselling returnees on reintegration possibilities upon return; advice in conducting sound risk, needs and health assessments; return logistics; arranging individually tailored reintegration support for each returnee in the countries of origin.

Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration for Victims of Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation and Foreign Citizens in Prostitution in Sweden (ACRRTiPP-SWE) Programme-Finland

Building on the previous phases in 2012-2015, the programme institutionalises the established national framework for assisted voluntary return and reintegration (AVRR) to victims of trafficking (VoTs) and foreign citizens in prostitution in Sweden through further outreach, training and implementation of AVRR. The programme supports responsible social workers and other authorities as well as NGOs in planning and arranging assisted voluntary return and reintegration.

MIDA Health Northern Somalia - Strengthening the Health Sectors in Northern Somalia through the Engagement of Somali Diaspora Health Professionals from Finland (MIDA-HNS)

The project's overall objective is to strengthen the capacitates of local health sector professionals in Northern Somalia through the transfer of skills and knowledge acquired abroad by qualified and highly qualified health professionals from the Finland-based Somali diaspora, thereby contributing to the reconstruction and capacity building of the human resource base of Northern Somalia's health sector.

Resettlement of Quota Refugees to Iceland (QRR)

This project is about services provided by IOM to persons who have been admitted by the Ministry of Iceland for quota resettlement to Iceland. IOM will provide its services to all persons admitted for quota resettlement to Iceland as requested by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Social Security to IOM. IOM undertakes to carry out 'Fitness to travel' health assessments, the transportation services as well as other services related to regufee resettlement as required by the Ministry and agreed upon by IOM.