• Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) and other deadly infectious diseases commonly occur in states suffering from political turmoil and armed conflict.
• The same conditions that promote MDR TB and other diseases often diminish the capacity of the public health system to address these needs, leading patients to seek care in other countries.
• In East Africa, a large number of patients from Somalia with MDR TB crossed the border to Kenya seeking treatment. While the diagnostic capacity for MDR TB exists in Somalia, treatment capacity does not.
Approximately 70,000-90,000 refugees are resettled to the United States each year, and during the next 5 years, 50,000 Congolese refugees are expected to arrive in the United States. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) performs refugee medical examinations overseas for the U.S. Refugee Resettlement Program. In 2014, IOM reported that a large number of U.S.-bound Congolese refugees from Uganda had spleens that were enlarged on examination.
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis elimination in countries with a low incidence of the disease necessitates multiple interventions, including innovations in migrant screening. We examined a cohort of migrants screened for tuberculosis before entry to England, Wales, and Northern Ireland and tracked the development of disease in this group after arrival.
Ethiopia is among highly tuberculosis affected countries. This might be related to a low level of awareness on the disease in the population. The objective of the study was to determine the level of tuberculosis knowledge and socioeconomic factors associated with it.
Through IOM’s response to the West Africa EVD outbreak, the Organization developed its Health, Border and Mobility Management (HBMM) framework for empowering governments and communities to prevent, detect and respond to potential health threats along the mobility continuum (at points of origin, transit, destination and return).
This project will provide life-saving emergency integrated primary health care (PHC) and outbreak response services through IOM static and mobile clinics, as well as through rapid response teams (RRT). Using SSHF support, three primary health care units (PHCU), two primary health-care centres (PHCC) and four mobile units will continue to provide the basic package of health and nutrition services to internally displaced persons (IDPs) and conflict-affected host communities in Bentiu and Wau Protection of Civilian (PoC) sites, serving a total catchment population of 90,680 beneficiaries.
Contribute to the prevention and detection of EVD outbreak, through improving access to data on population mobility mapping information.
Awareness raising: IOM will conduct peer to peer outreach sessions. • HIV testing and treatment: IOM will continue to provide HIV testing and treatment services through the prevention of mother to child treatment (PMTCT) programme and comprehensive HIV testing and treatment. • Integration of GBV messaging: IOM also intends to continue integrated GBV and mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) messages within the HIV/AIDS outreach sessions.
The program aims to save lives and preserve the dignity of vulnerable populations including displaced people and host communities through increased access to safe, equitable and adequate Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion (WASH) services and by responding to and preventing Gender-Based Violence (GBV).
IOM will continue to contribute towards South Sudan's preparedness for potential transmissions of EVD through screening of arrivals at POE, immediate management and reporting of suspected cases of EVD, and implementing the minimum IPC interventions in the identified priority areas. The project will contribute towards EVD preparedness efforts in South Sudan through screening and prevention activities at key POE.