Background: The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic has spread from China to 25 countries. Local cycles of transmission have already occurred in 12 countries after case importation. In Africa, Egypt has so far confirmed one case. The management and control of COVID-19 importations heavily rely on a country's health capacity. Here we evaluate the preparedness and vulnerability of African countries against their risk of importation of COVID-19.
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis elimination in countries with a low incidence of the disease necessitates multiple interventions, including innovations in migrant screening. We examined a cohort of migrants screened for tuberculosis before entry to England, Wales, and Northern Ireland and tracked the development of disease in this group after arrival.
A 2-day training programme is being provided to build the capacity of border officials at the 8 selected Points of Entry (PoEs). The training, which is being conducted in 2 batches at each PoE, includes presentations on the Impact and Overview of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD); Surveillance for EVD and the Recognize, Isolate, Notify and Give Support (RING) Approach; EVD Preparedness and Response at PoEs; Infection Prevention and Control at PoEs; and EVD Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs).
This proposal will continue the support in West Africa and expand into other regions to support stranded migrants as necessary. The main activities will remain similar to those implemented through three strands of action namely 1) migrant screening and health checks, 2) direct assistance, 3) enhance international cooperation with third country authorities and develop coordination mechanisms with Canada`s liaison officers in relevant countries within targeted regions.
This project is aimed at supporting the Government of Ghana’s efforts to provide reintegration assistance to returning Ghanaians as a result of the Libyan crisis in early part of 2011. The project will provide immediate access to national health insurance, and reintegration assistance for restoration of the livelihoods of the migrants.
This programme will support the efforts of the Governments in West Africa to address irregular migration and smuggling through its territory, by supporting joint assessments and establishing a voluntary return and reintegration assistance mechanism for Sri Lankan and other extra continental stranded migrants.
In coordination with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), the project aims to provide return assistance to a maximum number of 254 Liberian nationals residing in Ghana: 119 who were selected to benefit from skills training and livelihood opportunities by UNIDO for their project ‘From Ghana to Liberia: Reintegration of Liberian refugees through multi-skills training for sustainable livelihoods and poverty alleviation’, and their dependants.
This project aims to facilitate the voluntary repatriation of Liberian refugees and their family members residing in Ghana. IOM will conduct “fit-to-travel” medical checks, carryout pre-departure formalities and provide air and ground transportation from Ghana to Liberia. Upon arrival in Liberia, assistance will include reception, overnight accommodation, meals and funds to take public transport to their final destination. Through separate funding, UNHCR will provide cash grants of USD 150 to each adult and USD 75 per child to each returning refugee.
Program Support and Logistics: Transportation will be provided by IOM from the border crossing points to refugee camps and transit centres in Ghana as designated by UNHCR and the Government of Ghana. Specific emergency activities will include: 1) Emergency transportation assistance to refugees and asylum seekers, including the hiring of appropriate transport and arranging for escorts; 2) Pre departure health assessments for refugee and asylum seekers requiring transportation, including referrals for further health treatment.