IOM is implementing a comprehensive response to the immediate needs of the arriving UMNs, as part of an inter-agency ‘Joint Response Plan’ and is continuing to provide services for existing needs of UMNs already residing in Cox’s Bazar (CxB). The current project intervention includes Health, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Protection, Education, Coordination, Communicating with Communities and Capacity Building of local NGOs.
The recent arrival of over 34,000 UMNs – currently residing in makeshift settlements in Leda, Kutupalong, and Shamlapur, and in villages in Ukhiya and Teknaf Upazilas – has created a strain to the existing living arrangements and shelter infrastructure. To cater to the additional demand, activities under the response will support 22,000 newly arrived UMNs in the area. They will be provided with shelter support (e.g.
Cox’s Bazar district hosts an approximate population of 300,000-500,000 Undocumented Myanmar Nationals (UMNs) in small communities, many of which are mixed with the host population. Both UMNs and the host population suffer from limited access to basic health, water and sanitation services. UMN children are currently unable to access education services and face a life without basic literacy or numeracy.
The project aims to provide humanitarian assistance to UMNs (Undocumented Myanmar Nationals) with health, water, sanitation and hygiene facilities to improve their living conditions in makeshift settlements and host communities. Assessments in Leda, Shamlapur, Uttar Shilkhali and Monkhali ascertained the need of access to clear water, sanitation and hygiene facilities which are key concerns affecting the health of the population.
In 25 August, the armed conflict in the Rakhine state resulted in severe unrest affecting a large number of minorities in the state. The extent and implications of the attack remain uncertain however the large number of Rohingyas have started crossing the border to Bangladesh. To date, 270,000 people have crossed the border into Bangladesh.
The target population of the CERF IOM WASH intervention is the Undocumented Myanmar Nationals (UMNs) residing in the Makeshift Settlements of Leda and Shamlapur. Leda contains approximately 16 000 UMNs, whilst the population of Shamlapur is 9 000 UMNs. Access to a safe water supply in Leda Makeshift Camp remains tenuous due to political interference and changing weather patterns. Access to sanitation which meets sphere and national indicators is lacking across the entire target area.
IOM will address the basic humanitarian needs of Undocumented Rohingya (UR) and host communities in the Cox's Bazar district, specifically in Ukhia and Teknaf Upazilas (and surrounding areas with heavy Undocumented Rohingya presence) by providing increased access to health and WASH services, provide access to informal education, improve awareness of common hygiene and health issues, building service delivery capacity of local Non-Governmental Organizations, managing INGO service delivery, and supporting overall coordination to identify need, analyze gaps and track service delivery across al
The Government of Bangladesh has mandated IOM as the leading international organization to coordinate provision of humanitarian services for the UMN population in Cox’s Bazar. This places IOM in a unique position to ensure the continued delivery of critical lifesaving provisions in the two makeshift settlements as well as the host community.
The proposal aims to improve access to WASH services and meet the needs of the Undocumented Myanmar Nationals (UMN's) & other under served host communities in Shamplapur and Leda area of Teknaf Upazila in Cox's Bazar. A need assessment on Shamlapur identified poor access to water and sanitation together with poor hygiene practices as one of the key concerns affecting the health of the population.
IOM will address the basic humanitarian needs of undocumented Myanmar nationals (UMN) and host communities in the Cox's Bazar district, specifically in Ukhia and Teknaf upazilas (and surrounding areas with heavy UMN presence) by providing increased access to health and WASH services, building service delivery capacity of local Non-Governmental Organizations, managing INGO service delivery, and supporting overall coordination to identify need, track service delivery across all sectors, and analyze gaps.