In line with the Global Health Security Agenda and the 2005 International Health Regulations, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) is working with stakeholders and partners globally to rapidly detect and respond to disease outbreaks, with an approach anchored in an in-depth understanding of human mobility dynamics.
The complete pathway of population movement at points of origin, transit, destination, and return is known as the mobility continuum. It includes mobility both within and across borders. Numerous locations along the mobility continuum such as points of entry (PoEs), transit hubs, and gathering sites represent spaces that carry specific health risks for mobile populations and host communities. These risks depend on the scale of mobility flows, interactions between mobile populations and host communities, and the potential occurrence of public health threats such as communicable disease outbreaks in these spaces.