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The movement of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis across borders in East Africa needs a regional and global solution

Summary Points
• Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) and other deadly infectious diseases commonly occur in states suffering from political turmoil and armed conflict.
• The same conditions that promote MDR TB and other diseases often diminish the capacity of the public health system to address these needs, leading patients to seek care in other countries.
• In East Africa, a large number of patients from Somalia with MDR TB crossed the border to Kenya seeking treatment. While the diagnostic capacity for MDR TB exists in Somalia, treatment capacity does not. 

Tuberculosis in migrants moving from high-incidence to low-incidence countries: a population-based cohort study of 519 955 migrants screened before entry to England, Wales, and Northern Ireland

BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis elimination in countries with a low incidence of the disease necessitates multiple interventions, including innovations in migrant screening. We examined a cohort of migrants screened for tuberculosis before entry to England, Wales, and Northern Ireland and tracked the development of disease in this group after arrival.

IOM Trains Health Providers to Care for Victims of Trafficking, Migrants in Vulnerable Situations

Nairobi – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, under the Better Migration Management (BMM) programme and the EU-IOM Joint Initiative for Migrant Protection and Reintegration in the Horn of Africa, conducted a five-day Training of Trainers for health care providers. The training, which focused on care for victims of trafficking and mental health considerations for migrants in vulnerable situations, ran from 10 to 14 September 2018.

Kenya National Consultation on Migration Health - Info Sheet

The Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, in partnership with the International Organization for Migration and the World Health Organization, hosted a National Consultation on Migration Health to reach a common consensus on securing quality and equitable health services for migrants and mobile populations in Kenya. The National Consultation, held in Mombasa from 4 - 6 May 2011, was attended by various ministries, including Immigration and Registration of Persons, Foreign Affairs, Special Programmes and the National AIDS Control Council.

Urban Migrant Health Pilot Programme

In partnership with the Government of Kenya, and at both national and local levels, the International Organization for Migration offers health care services for urban migrants directly through IOM’s health assessment programme, which fulfills the health requirements of countries receiving migrants. IOM and partners facilitate the Eastleigh Community Wellness Centre, a budding health clinic located in east Nairobi that meets the needs of migrants and their host community without discrimination. The centre, available for both Kenyans and migrants, offers friendly services,


Nearly 30 years ago, the HIV epidemic was first identified as a major problem along East Africa’s road axes. While transport corridors are no longer the primary source of new infections in Kenya, they remain a significant driver of the epidemic. The Government of Kenya has therefore prioritized populations along transport corridors as among “the most important most-at-risk populations that are not adequately covered by the national HIV prevention strategy” (NACC, 2009).