This paper examines the relationship between migration and health from a human-rights and social equity based perspective. It discussed how migrationcan itself be seen as a determinant of migrants' health. Migrants are affected by social inequalities and are likely to go through several experiences during the migration process which puts their physical, mental and social well-being at risk. Migrants often face poverty and social exclusion, which has negative influences on health, especially in countries of transit and destination. Migrants' health is also, to a large extent, determined by the availability, accessibility, acceptability and quality of services in the host environment.
- Key concepts
- The migration process and health outcomes: health hazards during the migration journey, health hazards in European destination countries, access to health and social services, change of lifestyle and infuences on migration health
- Approaches to realizing migrants' health: institutional framework, migrants' health as aan empowerment issue, medical pluralism
This paper was developed within the framework of the IOM project "Assisting Migrants and Communities (AMAC): Analysis of Social Determinants of Health and Health Ineualities". Co-funded by the European Commission DG Heath and Consumers' HEalth Programme, the office of the POrtuguese High Commissioner for Health and IOM.