Migration and HIV/AIDS in Thailand: Triangulation of biological, behavioural and programmatic response data in selected provinces

Author/s: Nigoon Jitthai, Siriporn Yongpanichkul, Mandhana Bijaisoradat
Language: English
Publication Type: Technical Report(External)

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With the growing economy and relatively stable society, Thailand has long been a hub for migration in Greater Mekong Sub-region, particularly for labour migrants from the three neibouring countries namely Myanmar, Cambodia and Lao PDR. It is estimated that over two million migrants are living and working in Thailand, in addition to some 150,000 displaced persons and asylum seekers who seek refuge in nine temporary shelters along the border. Recognizing the potential impact of migration on the Thai health system, the Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) has included migrants as an important target population in various strategies including the National AIDS Strategy (2007-2011) and the Master Plan on Mobility and HIV, which are formulated in collaboration with relevant sectors.
To develop effective HIV/ AIDS prevention and care policies and programmes for migrants in Thailand, MOPH needs accurate and reliable strategic information for evidence-based programming. There is a substantial amount of raw data on STIs and HIV/AIDS among migrant populations in Thailand. However, the data are not well analysed and utilised for programme design and planning.
To assist the MOPH and other stakeholders on data analysis and use to ensure that the programmatic response is technically sound and evidence-based, this study was conducted with the following specific objectives:
  1. To compile existing biological and behavioural data as well as programme services related to STIs/HIV/ AIDS among migrants and selected Thai population groups in the host communities;
  2. To comprehensively analyse the data/ information compiled and determine gaps on current related information systems and STIs/HIV/AIDS programmatic responses;
  3. To provide recommendations for strengthening future information systems as well as STIs/HIV/AIDS programme for migrant populations and other related populations; and
  4. To strengthen the health authority’s capacity in maximising the use of existing data.


Executive Summary

Chapter I. Introduction
1. Background
2. Study sites
3. Methodologies
4. Definitions of mobile and migrant populations in this study
5. Limitation of the study
Chapter II. Overview of migrant policy and data system in Thailand
1. The Government policy on migrant worker registration
2. Migrant health and STIs/HIV/AIDS Surveillance Systems
3. Migrant Healthcare Financing Systems
4. Limitation of available migrant data systems
Chapter III. Migrants and stIs/HIV/AIds in the 10 studied Provinces
1. Characteristic of studied provinces
2. Migrant Profile
3. STIs/HIV/AIDS situation
Chapter IV. Data triangulation and analysis of six studies provinces
1. Samut Sakhon Province
2. Trat Province
3. Prachuap Khiri Khan Province
4. Phang Nga Province
5. Tak Province
Chapter V. Stregthening the responses to STIs/HIV/AIDS situation in Migrant population: Implication from the overview of migrant policy and information systems in Thailand
1. Data collection, management and use
2. STIs/ HIV/AIDS situation and programmatic responses
3. Conclusion


Region/Country (by coverage)
IOM Thailand