High prevalence of current tobacco smoking among patients with tuberculosis and people living with HIV in Jordan: A cross-sectional survey

Author/s: Ayaka Teshima, Ayah A. Shatnawi, Srinath Satyanarayana, Yousef S. Khader, Ibrahim F. Maia, Nevin C. Wilson
Language: English
Publication Type: Scientific Report (Journal)(External)

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Continued smoking by patients with tuberculosis (TB) and people living with HIV (PLHIV) leads to adverse treatment outcomes. Estimates of tobacco use among the population are scarce in the Eastern Mediterranean region, where the burden of TB and HIV is also low but highly variable. This study determined the prevalence of current smoking and assessed factors associated with current smoking among patients with TB and PLHIV in Jordan.

We analyzed data from the Jordan Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices survey in 2021. Information on current tobacco use, including products and frequency of smoking, was collected from 452 patients with TB and 152 PLHIV. We performed multivariable logistic regression to assess the sociodemographic characteristics independently associated with current smoking.

Prevalence of current smoking was 43.8% among TB patients and 67.8 % among PLHIV, and conventional cigarettes were the most used tobacco products. The prevalence of current smoking among patients with TB was higher among males (AOR=8.20; 95% CI: 5.05–13.32), Jordanians (AOR=5.37; 95% CI: 2.66– 10.86) and Syrians (AOR=4.13; 95% CI: 1.60–10.67), and those experiencing financial difficulties (AOR=2.83; 95% CI: 1.69–4.74). The prevalence of current smoking among PLHIV was higher in those with financial difficulties (AOR=3.13; 95% CI: 1.19–8.27).

Nearly half of the patients with TB and PLHIV were current tobacco smokers, higher than the general population. There is an urgent need to investigate the reasons for such a high smoking prevalence and introduce and strengthen smoking cessation services under the TB and HIV control programs.

Region/Country (by coverage)
Tobacco Induced Diseases