This study among Nepalese migrants is under the IOM project “Strengthening Government’s Capacity of Selected South Asian Countries to Address the Health of Migrants through a Multi-sectoral Approach”. It is implemented in Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan. The three objectives of the project were to: (1.) Conduct an in-depth assessment among the three South Asian countries to assess health vulnerabilities of migrants, including their access to health and other social services, a mapping of governments’ responses to address these vulnerabilities, and to come up with recommendations for action; (2.) Support a regional consultation involving the three primary target countries and countries that implemented a similar project before, such as Sri Lanka and Thailand to discuss best practices and agree on success factors to develop a migration health agenda at national level for the target countries; and (3.) Support the Ministries of Health of Bangladesh and Nepal, and the Ministry of Human Resource Development of Pakistan to develop strategic action plans to address the health of migrants using a multi-sectoral approach.
The overall aim of this study was to contribute to the general understanding of the health vulnerabilities of departing and returnee migrants in Nepal to inform the development of evidence, policies, services and programmes that respond to migration related health challenges. Specifically, the objectives of the study were to:
- Assess the migration related health vulnerabilities of departing and returnee migrants in Nepal;
- Determine the availability and accessibility of health services, quality of health services, and barriers to accessing health services among migrants in their country of origin and destination; and
- Provide recommendations to the government and other stakeholders to support policy development on health aspects of migration and programme development.