Transport effect of COVID-19 pandemic in France

Guan L.,
Prieur C.,
Zhang L.,
Georges D.,
Bellemain P.
Document Type
Source Title
Annual Reviews in Control
Elsevier Ltd


An extension of the classical pandemic SIRD model is considered for the regional spread of COVID-19 in France under lockdown strategies. This compartment model divides the infected and the recovered individuals into undetected and detected compartments respectively. By fitting the extended model to the real detected data during the lockdown, an optimization algorithm is used to derive the optimal parameters, the initial condition and the epidemics start date of regions in France. Considering all the age classes together, a network model of the pandemic transport between regions in France is presented on the basis of the regional extended model and is simulated to reveal the transport effect of COVID-19 pandemic after lockdown. Using the measured values of displacement of people between cities, the pandemic network of all cities in France is simulated by using the same model and method as the pandemic network of regions. Finally, a discussion on an integro-differential equation is given and a new model for the network pandemic model of each age class is provided. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd

Region/Country (by coverage)
Index Keywords

Compartment model; Extended model; Initial conditions; Measured values; Network modeling; Optimal parameter; Optimization algorithms; Transport effects; Integrodifferential equations