Migration Health Research Bulletin, Issue No. 25

The issue of the Bulletin features articles, reports, and guidance documents focusing on vaccination coverage, infectious diseases, mental health, health emergency, and health information management systems.

The audio podcast episode outlines the result of the study which looks at the immunization coverage of refugees being resettled in the United Kingdom who underwent IOM’s health assessment programme as well as the the findings on the management of migrant health information in Nepal.

Unaccompanied or separated children face increased health risks during migration

An "unaccompanied child" is a child separated from both parents and other relatives who is not being cared for by any other adult who, by law or custom, is responsible for doing so. Unaccompanied or separated children (UASC) are potentially more vulnerable to migration risks, due to their young age and unaccompanied status.

Migration impacts on Cambodian children and families left behind

Despite the large flow of internal and international/cross-border labor migration and its importance to economic development and poverty alleviation, little is known of the health and social consequences to migrants and their families in Cambodia. The link between migration and the institutionalization of children of migrant workers is also poorly understood. This study addresses two key research questions: 
1 - Are there any significant health and social consequences to left-behind children and family members of migrant workers in Cambodia?

Psychosocial and mental health impacts of migration on ‘left-behind’ children of international migrant workers. In: Dinesh Bhugra (ed) Oxford Textbook of Migrant Psychiatry

Global migration flows include large numbers of labour migrants, many of whom are of prime child-bearing/rearing age and have children who must remain in the origin country during the migration episode. The psychosocial and mental health (PSMH) needs of children and other family members who are separated from migrant kin can be extremely complex and have been largely neglected in research and in intervention frameworks.

Health profile of pediatric Special Immigrant Visa holders arriving from Iraq and Afghanistan to the United States, 2009–2017: A cross-sectional analysis

Abstract

Background
The United States has admitted over 80,000 Special Immigrant Visa holders (SIVH), which include children. Despite the increase in the proportion of SIVH admissions to the US over recent years, little is known about health conditions in SIV children. We report the frequency of selected diseases identified overseas and assess differences in selected conditions between SIV children from Iraq and Afghanistan.

Migration Health Research Bulletin, Issue No. 14

Articles featured in the landmark UCL-Lancet Commission report on Migration and Health in December 2018 and feature research papers centering on tuberculosis and human mobility are profiled. Also, a study that summarizes the work done to address the legal obstacles that migrants face in accessing health services in the Greater Mekong Subregion countries and its impact on malaria elimination as well as a study looking at whether the risk of suicidal behaviour is increased in left-behind family members are presented.

Nutritional profile of Syrian refugee children before resettlement

Abstract
Background
The year 2015 marked the highest number of refugees globally and included record numbers of Syrians moving to neighboring countries. Half of the Syrians were children aged ≤18 years. Our study sought to examine undernutrition and overnutrition among a group of Syrian refugee children who underwent medical screening by IOM for resettlement.
Methods

RO Vienna MHD Annual Newsletter 2018

Overall consolidated report of the migration health activities in the IOM South-Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe and Central Asian (SEEECA) region in 2018.  The report covers the activities of country missions and the regional office on Health Promotion and Assistance for Migrants (H2/MA) and Migration Health Assistance for Crisis-Affected Populations (H3/MP) programme.

Content: 

Spotlight: MHD SEECA at Global Events

Are left-behind families of migrant workers at increased risk of attempted suicide? – a cohort study of 178,000+ individuals in Sri Lanka

Background: There are an estimated 258 million international migrants worldwide. In Asia low-skilled workers often emigrate on a temporary basis (2–3 years) without their families. There is significant concern over the mental health and wellbeing of left-behind families in this region. No previous study has examined whether the risk of suicidal behaviour is elevated in left-behind family members.