Background: The number of malaria cases among irregular migrants returning to Sri Lanka has not been investigated.
Methods: In the first 6 months of 2012 we screened 287 irregular migrants returning from seven West African nations to Sri Lanka for malaria to ascertain the risk of infection during migration.
Results: Four men were diagnosed as having malaria: three with Plasmodium falciparumhad travelled to Togo and one with P. vivax had travelled to Guinea. The risk of contracting malaria was 14 cases per 1000.
Conclusion: Facilitating a safe return with selective screening for at-risk inbound migrants flows is desirable as Sri Lanka advances towards its goal of malaria elimination.