Epidemie features of Coronavirus disease 2019 in Henan Province
Objective: To analyze the regional epidemic features of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Henan Province, China. Methods: According to the data of COVID-19 patients and the resident population at the end of 2018 in Henan Province, statistical description and analysis of epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 in Henan Province were conducted, including the time distribution, population distribution, and regional distribution. Results: The cumulative incidence of COVID-19 in Henan Province was 1.32/100 000, the cure rate was 98.03%, and the fatality rate was 1.73% by March 9, 2020. The incidence curve showed that the epidemic peak reached from January 24 to January 28. The high-incidence area was Xinyang, with a standardized cumulative incidence rate of 4.36/100 000. There were 580 female COVID-19 patients (45.60%), 688 males (54.09%) in Henan Province. The incidence of males was 1.41/100 000, while the incidence of females was 1.23/100 000. The age with the highest incidence of COVID-19 in Henan Province was 20-69 years old (88.68%). The incidence rate was highest in men aged 30-39 (2.51/ 100 000), while the lowest rate in women aged 0-9 (0.16/100 000). There were 1 225 local patients (96.31%), and the rural patients (45.73%) were slightly higher than the urban patients (44.02%) in Henan Province. A total of 63.60% patients had traveled or lived in Hubei or contacted with people who came from Hubei to Henan. The proportion of patients whose family members suffered from COVID-19 was 32.70%. Global spatial autocorrelation analysis suggested that there was a statistically significant positive correlation in the spatial distribution of COVID-19 patients in Henan Province (Moran's /= 0.248, Z=2.955,P<0.01). Conclusion: There are differences in the morbidity and mortality of COVID-19 patients in different areas of Henan Province, with epidemic peak reaching from January 24 to January 28. Henan is dominated by local patients, male patients, and patients with contact history in Hubei. The space appears to be moderately clustered. © 2020 Journal of Central South University (Medical Sciences). All rights reserved.
adult; aged; Betacoronavirus; child; China; Coronavirus infection; female; human; incidence; infant; male; middle aged; newborn; pandemic; preschool child; spatial analysis; virus pneumonia; young adult; Adult; Aged; Betacoronavirus; Child; Child, Preschool; China; Coronavirus Infections; Female; Humans; Incidence; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Male; Middle Aged; Pandemics; Pneumonia, Viral; Spatial Analysis; Young Adult