In this systematic review we are trying to answer these specific questions: What is the immunisation coverage among migrant populations in North Africa for key vaccines, and are there variations among migrant subpopulations? Where and by who are vaccines administered to migrant populations? What are the key delivery mechanisms (IOM, NGOs, government structures)? What are the barriers and facilitators to migrant populations accessing vaccines in this region?
Background: The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic has spread from China to 25 countries. Local cycles of transmission have already occurred in 12 countries after case importation. In Africa, Egypt has so far confirmed one case. The management and control of COVID-19 importations heavily rely on a country's health capacity. Here we evaluate the preparedness and vulnerability of African countries against their risk of importation of COVID-19.
Through the SHF Reserve Allocation IOM will provide critical WASH support to communities and reduce the risks of exposure to water-borne diseases in the affected and vulnerable areas by: (1) reconstructing damaged latrines, (2) purchasing WASH supplies that will support (a) chlorination of the existing improved water sources, (b) treatment and safe storage of water at household level, and (3) supporting the promotion of safer hygiene practices through the distribution of female hygiene kits, soap, jerry cans, and Information, Education and Communication (IEC) materials.
The project will operationalize its interventions through the following outputs: Output 1: 27,550 vulnerable community members have equitable and adequate access to a water supply. Output 2: 2,400 vulnerable community members have equitable access to improved, sex-segregated and child-friendly excreta disposal facilities. Output 3: 23,500 vulnerable community members are reached with hygiene and garbage collection campaigns and sensitization activities.