Yasser Moullan

Dr Yasser Moullan

Research Fellow
Institution: Center of Economics and Management of Indian Ocean (CEMOI)
Current Insitution Location: Reunion

Email: yassermoullan@wanadoo.fr
Phone Number: +262 692 37 31 54
Website: Go to website

Address:
Faculté de Droit et D'Economie, 15 avenue René Cassin CS 92003 97744 Saint-Denis Cedex9

Migration Health Research Area/Expertise:
I have completed a PhD in Economics from the University of Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne and I am based now at the Center of Economics and Management of Indian Ocean based at the University of Reunion Island. I am also research associate at International Migration Institute at University of Oxford and at the Institute of Research and Information in Health Economics (IRDES) in Paris . I focus specifically on two main issues related to migration and health: (1) the emigration of physicians where I look at the drivers and the impacts of medical doctor emigration on the health of the population in the origin countries. Together with Frédéric Docquier and Alok Bhargava I created the first dataset on the number of foreign-trained physicians over the period 1991 to 2004 for 18 host countries coming from 192 origin countries. Based on this data, we analyzed whether there is a causal link between the emigration of physicians and the health of vulnerable individuals such as children. We found that the emigration of physicians did not have any direct detrimental effect on the mortality rates of children, but only indirectly through the reduced number of doctors which remains in the country. Our result also confirms the existence of a “medical brain gain”, i.e. an incentive for enrolling into medical education for people who stayed in the country, but the magnitude of this effect is so tiny that it could not overcome the initial loss of physicians due to emigration. This paper was published in a multidisciplinary journal Economics and Human Biology in 2010. In a paper published in the Journal of Development Studies in 2013, I assessed whether the foreign aid policy in the health sector could be a good regulation tool of medical emigration. I found that, indeed, higher foreign aid in the health sector is associated with less emigration of doctors. However, the magnitude of the effect is very small and technical assistance matters more than financial aid. (2) Then I developed an interest in social determinants of health among immigrants in Europe. In European research projects, I investigated why the magnitude of the “healthy immigrant effect”, i.e a better self-assessed health of immigrants at their arrival in the country of destination compared to natives, is different across countries in Europe. My findings show that this is because natives valued their health differently across countries, and because immigrants compared their health to their compatriot in origin countries. So the “healthy immigrant effect” is much more a matter of culture instead of a real better health. The study has been published in the European Journal of Public Health in 2014. I also studied the trajectories of convergence of obesity of immigrants toward natives in Spain and France (IMI Working paper 2015, N°116). Now, I work on the impact of the immigration of doctors on the performance of health system of destination countries and how OECD countries use their immigration policies to fill their medical shortage (IMI working paper 2017, N°132).

Research Focus/Expertise on Relevant Migrant Categories:
Internal Migration
Left-behind migrant families (Children)
Migrant Workers (Adults)
Students (Adults)

International/Cross-Border Migration
Left -behind migrant families (Children, Adults, Elderly)
International migrant workers (Adults)
International students (Adults)
Patient mobility across borders (Adults)


General Research Focus/Expertise: 
Epidemiology
Global health diplomacy
Health administration
Health economics
Health metrics
Health policy
Health systems research
Human resources for health
Labour migration and health
Maternal and child health
Public Health
Social determinant

Relevant Projects

Title Year Published Region/Country Role in the Project Main Outcome Link to Study Reports and publications
EU and North African Migrants: Health and Health Systems 2011 Research Staff special issue in European Journal of Public Health
International migration of medical doctors: Trends, drivers and policies 2015 Global Co-Investigator International workshop and data collection
Immigration and Human Development: A comparison between Reunion Island and the other French Outermost Territories 2017 Research Staff Analysis of the linkages between migration and education and health in Reunion, Mayotte, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Guyane Française.

Relevant Publications

Title Author Year Published Link to Publication
Modeling the effect of physician emigration on human development Alok Bhargava, Frédéric Docquier and Yasser Moullan 2011
Can Health Foreign Assistance Reduce the Medical Brain Drain Yasser Moullan 2013
Why is the ‘healthy immigrant effect’ different between European countries? Yasser Moullan and Florence Jusot 2014
Is there a ‘pig cycle’ in the labour supply of doctors? How training and immigration policies respond to physician shortages  Yasser Moullan and Xavier Chojnicki 2017
Social determinants of overweight amongst immigrants in Spain and France Yasser Moullan and Paul Dourgnon 2015