Author/s: Gaitan D, Daw Tin Shwe V, Bajcevic P, Gagnon A
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine the prevalence of Alcohol Use Disorders (AUDs) among Myanmar male migrant workers (> 15 years) living in Mae Sot, Thailand, and their patterns of drinking.
Design/methodology/approach: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 512 participants to measure AUDs and drinking patterns. ANOVA and χ2 analyses were performed to assess demographic differences between abstainers, harmful and hazardous drinkers (…Read more
Psychological morbidity in Nepali cross-border migrants in India: a community based cross-sectional study
Author/s: Dhungana RR, Aryal N, Adhikary P, Kc RK, Regmi PR, Devkota B, Sharma GN, Wickramage K, van Teijlingen E, Simkhada P
BACKGROUND: Since Nepali cross-border migrants can freely enter, work and stay in India, they are largely undocumented. The majority is involved in semi-skilled or unskilled jobs with limited labour rights and social security, a fact which predisposes them to psychological distress. We aimed to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with psychological morbidity among Nepali migrants upon their return from India.
METHODS: A community-based cross-…Read more
Author/s: Kolitha Wickramage, Paul J Simpson, Kamran Abbasi
The editorial piece tackles how anti-migrant rhetoric among politicians and media as well as the lack of or weak policy frameworks focusing on the healthcare access and coverage of labour migrants, internally displaced populations, and internal migrants contribute to the gaps in addressing the health needs of migrants and migrant populations. It notes that addressing these gaps remain to be a challenge among policymakers, practitioners, civil society, and researchers to ensure that migration…Read more
Author/s: Yuka Ujita, Paul J. Douglas, and Masatoki Adachi
Migrant workers can be at high risk of exposure to workplace hazards and face additional work-related risk factors and unfavorable social determinants of health including employment and wage discrimination, poor working and living conditions, lack of access to social protection and language and culture barriers. These work-related risks can result in a higher incidence of occupational injuries and work-related diseases among migrant workers, compared with non-migrant workers. However, due to…Read more
Author/s: I. Bandaev, R. Kurbonova, M. Samuilova
In 2012-2013, with the support of IOM Development Fund and in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Social Protection of the Republic of Tajikistan, IOM conducted a study on the causes, consequences, and responses to the migration of Tajik health workers. Until this study, the topic of the mobility of Tajik health professionals abroad has received limited attention in labor migration research in Tajikistan. The research findings presented here address this gap…
Health Status and Health Needs of Foreign Migrant Workers in Tajikistan: Legal, Social, Community, and Individual Aspects
Author/s: Rukhshona Kurbonova, Ilhom Bandaev, Mariya Samuilova
The article presents the results of the research conducted in the Republic of Tajikistan in 2012-2013 among foreign migrant workers from the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, People's Republic of China, the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Uzbekistan. The research reconfirms that migrant experience different levels of vulnerability to health issues depending on their legal status, working and living conditions, as well as depending…
Are left-behind families of migrant workers at increased risk of attempted suicide? – a cohort study of 178,000+ individuals in Sri Lanka
Author/s: Duleeka Knipe, Helen Lambert, Melissa Pearson, Michael Eddleston, Shaluka Jayamanne, Kolitha Wickramage, Keith Hawton, Flemming Konradsen, Chris Metcalfe, David Gunnell
Background: There are an estimated 258 million international migrants worldwide. In Asia low-skilled workers often emigrate on a temporary basis (2–3 years) without their families. There is significant concern over the mental health and wellbeing of left-behind families in this region. No previous study has examined whether the risk of suicidal behaviour is elevated in left-behind family members.
Methods: Cohort study using…