Author/s: Yasmine Zaki Abdelaziz, Gemma Arthurson, Haley West, Antonio Torres
The humanitarian community has had to learn about COVID-19 while responding to this new disease. From the start it was known that basic hygiene practices, such as proper handwashing, could help prevent its transmission. However, many displacement settings do not have the required facilities for implementing household and community-level Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) measures. They may also have weak governance systems for managing and maintaining water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH…Read more
Author/s: Andrew Azman, John Rumunu, Abdinasir Abubakir, Haley West, Iza Ciglenecki, Trina Helderman, Joseph Francis Wamala, Olimpia Dela Rosa Vasquez, William Perea, David Sack, Dominique Legros, Stephen Martin, Justin Lessler, Francis Luquero
Following mass population displacements in South Sudan, preventive cholera vaccination campaigns were conducted in displaced persons camps before a 2014 cholera outbreak. We compare cholera transmission in vaccinated and unvaccinated areas and show vaccination likely halted transmission within vaccinated areas, illustrating the potential for oral cholera vaccine to stop cholera transmission in vulnerable populations.
Health care providers and human trafficking: what do they know, what do they need to know? Findings from the Middle East, the Caribbean, and Central America
Author/s: Roderik Viergever, Haley West, Rosilyne Borland, Cathy Zimmerman
Background: Human trafficking is a crime that commonly results in acute and chronic physical and psychological harm. To foster more informed health sector responses to human trafficking, training sessions for health care providers were developed and pilot-tested in the Middle East, Central America, and the Caribbean. This study presents the results of an investigation into what health care providers knew and needed to know about human trafficking as part of that training…Read more
Author/s: Abdinasir Abubakar, Andrew Azman, John Rumunu, Iza Ciglenecki, Trina Helderman, Haley West, Justin Lessler, David Sack, Stephen Martin, William Perea, Dominique Legros, Frnacisco, Luquero
A global oral cholera vaccine (OCV) stockpile was established in 2013 to improve rapid access to the vaccine in outbreaks and emergencies in which cholera risk is high. The first deployment from the global OCV stockpile was to South Sudan in 2014 because of high cholera risk from massive population displacements within the civil war. 256,700 doses of OCV were delivered, with high coverage, throughout the country as part of a comprehensive cholera prevention strategy by multiple agencies,…Read more
Author/s: Anita Davies, Rosilyne Borland, Carolyn Blake, Haley West
This article will focus on the risk factors and social determinants of health during all phases of migration that can impact the health of returnees. It will highlight the diversity of returning migrants and illustrate through examples how return migration can influence the health of individuals and populations. The paper will conclude with policy recommendations for healthy return migration.