The issue of the Bulletin features studies, reports, and guides related to COVID-19, HIV, tuberculosis, and other topics relevant to migration and health.
The audio podcast episode discusses the electronic Personal Health Record (ePHR) which is a health information system that registers health data on newly arriving migrants, and how the ePHR was used to describe the health problems and health status of migrants.
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is a key player in responding to humanitarian and public health emergencies as well as supporting health system recovery and resilience. Health support in emergencies is an essential part of IOM’s humanitarian mandate and recognized by the Organization’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework as one of the 15 sectors of assistance to address before, during and after crises.
This factsheet showcases some of this programming from 2021…Read more
Author/s: Susanna Corona Maioli, Kol Wickramage
An "unaccompanied child" is a child separated from both parents and other relatives who is not being cared for by any other adult who, by law or custom, is responsible for doing so. Unaccompanied or separated children (UASC) are potentially more vulnerable to migration risks, due to their young age and unaccompanied status.
Due to differences in definitions and national procedures, collecting accurate data on UASC is very challenging. They may lose their identity documents and have…Read more
Immunisation status of UK-bound refugees between January, 2018, and October, 2019: a retrospective, population-based cross-sectional study
Author/s: Anna Deal, Sally E Hayward, Alison F Crawshaw, Lucy P Goldsmith, Charles Hui, Warren Dalal, Fatima Wurie, Mary-Ann Bautista, May Antonnette Lebanan, Sweetmavourneen Agan, Farah Amin Hassan, Kolitha Wickramage, Ines Campos-Matos, Sally Hargreaves
WHO’s new Immunization Agenda 2030 places a focus on ensuring migrants and other marginalised groups are offered catch-up vaccinations across the life-course. Yet, it is not known to what extent specific groups, such as refugees, are immunised according to host country schedules, and the implications for policy and practice. We aimed to assess the immunisation coverage of UK-bound refugees undergoing International Organization for…
Author/s: Mosler Vidal, E. and F. Laczko
Migration can be a powerful driver for sustainable development and is recognized as a cross-cutting issue throughout the entire 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. While the inclusion of migration in the 2030 Agenda presents countries with a series of new migration data challenges and reporting requirements, when this was adopted in 2015 it was seen overall as a key opportunity to improve migration data. To date there has been no comprehensive stocktaking either of migration trends…Read more
Addressing the Health challenges in immigration detention, and alternatives to detention: A country implementation guide
Author/s: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe
This country implementation guide outlines current evidence, knowledge and best practices relating to the health and health challenges of refugees and migrants in immigration detention, as well as alternatives to detention. It highlights key principles and international commitments, summarizes the current status and health challenges and provides practical considerations for addressing the health challenges of refugees and migrants in immigration detention, as well as the implementation of…Read more
Diagnostic accuracy of three computer-aided detection systems for detecting pulmonary tuberculosis on chest radiography when used for screening: analysis of an international, multicenter migrants screening study
Author/s: Sifrash Meseret Gelaw, Sandra V. Kik, Morten Ruhwald, Stefano Ongarello, Tesfa Semagne Egzertegegne, Olga Gorbacheva, Christopher Gilpin, Nina Marano, Scott Lee, Christina R. Phares, Victoria Medina, Bhaskar Amatya, Claudia M. Denkinger
The aim of this study was to independently evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of three artificial intelligence (AI)-based computer aided detection (CAD) systems for detecting pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) on global migrants screening chest x-ray (CXR) cases.
Retrospective clinical data and CXR images were collected from the International Organization for Migration (IOM) pre-migration health assessment TB screening global database for US-bound migrants. A total of 2,812 participants were…Read more
The issue of the Bulletin features studies and reports on topics relevant to migration and health such as COVID-19, tuberculosis, kidney disease, and reproductive health.
The audio podcast episode outlines the key findings on the health and social impact migration has on left-behind children and their caregivers in migrant households in Cambodia.
Strengthening COVID-19 vaccine demand and uptake in refugees and migrants: An operational guide to support all those responsible for planning and implementing the rollout of COVID-19 vaccine to refugees and migrants at national and local levels
Author/s: World Health Organization
The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated existing inequalities in certain populations, which may include refugees and migrants. These populations may face a range of individual, social, and practical or logistical barriers to uptake of COVID-19 vaccines that contribute to shaping their vaccination behaviours. To date these populations have shown lower rates of COVID-19 vaccination uptake in the few countries where this has been measured. WHO recommends that vaccine prioritization within…Read more
Diagnostic accuracy of chest X-ray interpretation for tuberculosis by three artificial intelligence-based software in a screening use-case: an individual patient meta-analysis of global data
Author/s: Sandra V. Kik, Sifrash M. Gelaw, Morten Ruhwald, Rinn Song, Faiz Ahmad Khan, Rob van Hest, Violet Chihota, Nguyen Viet Nhung, Aliasgar Esmail, Anna Marie Celina Garfin, Guy B. Marks, Olga Gorbacheva, Onno W. Akkerman, Kgaugelo Moropane, Le Thi Ngoc Anh, Keertan Dheda, Greg J. Fox, Nina Marano, Knut Lönnroth, Frank Cobelens, Andrea Benedetti, Puneet Dewan, Stefano Ongarello, Claudia M. Denkinger
Chest X-ray (CXR) screening is a useful diagnostic tool to test individuals at high risk of tuberculosis (TB), yet image interpretation requires trained human readers who are in short supply in many high TB burden countries. Therefore, CXR interpretation by computer-aided detection software (CAD) may overcome some of these challenges, but evidence of its accuracy is still limited.
We established a CXR library with images and metadata from…Read more