Author/s: Yasmine Zaki Abdelaziz, Gemma Arthurson, Haley West, Antonio Torres
The humanitarian community has had to learn about COVID-19 while responding to this new disease. From the start it was known that basic hygiene practices, such as proper handwashing, could help prevent its transmission. However, many displacement settings do not have the required facilities for implementing household and community-level Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) measures. They may also have weak governance systems for managing and maintaining water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH…Read more
Author/s: Sally Hargreaves, Dominik Zenner, Kolitha Wickramage, Anna Deal, Sally E Hayward
Millions of refugees and migrants reside in countries devastated by protracted conflicts with weakened health systems, and in countries where they are forced to live in substandard conditions in camps and compounds, and high-density slum settings. Although many such settings have yet to feel the full impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the pandemic is now having an unprecedented impact on mobility, in terms of border and migration management, as well as on the health, social, and…Read more
Author/s: Claire J. Standley, Pia D. M. MacDonald, Aurelia Attal-Juncqua, Alpha Mahmoud Barry, Ebi Celestin Bile, Doreen L. Collins, Salomon Corvil, Diallo Boubabar Ibrahima, Jennifer J. Hemingway-Foday, Rebecca Katz, Kathy J. Middleton, Eileen M. Reynolds, Erin M. Sorrell, Soumah Mohamed Lamine, Abdoulaye Wone, Lise D. Martel
In response to the 2014-2016 West Africa Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak, a US congressional appropriation provided funds to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to support global health security capacity building in 17 partner countries, including Guinea. The 2014 funding enabled CDC to provide more than 300 deployments of personnel to Guinea during the Ebola response, establish a country office, and fund 11 implementing partners through…
Author/s: Anuj Kapilashrami, Anns Issac, Jeevan Sharma, Kolitha Wickramage, Ekatha Ann John, Divya Ravindranath, Roomi Aziz, Patrick Duigan
South Asia, home to around a quarter of the world’s population and 40% of the world’s poor, is being hit hard by the coronavirus pandemic. The global response to the pandemic has focused mainly on containment of the contagion and “flattening the curve” through testing and strict social distancing, but these universal approaches fail to take account of resource limitations in countries in South Asia and ignore the realities of vulnerable populations, such as low-income migrants, internally…Read more
Screening for tuberculosis in migrants and visitors from high-incidence settings: present and future perspectives
Author/s: Claudia Dobler, Greg Fox, Paul Douglas, Kerri Viney, Faiz Ahmad Khan, Zelalem, Temesgen, Ben Marais
In most settings with a low incidence of tuberculosis (TB), foreign-born people make up the majority of TB cases, but the distribution of the TB risk among different migrant populations is often poorly quantified. In addition, screening practices for TB disease and latent TB infection (LTBI) vary widely. Addressing the risk of TB in international migrants is an essential component of TB prevention and care efforts in low-incidence countries, and strategies to…Read more
Author/s: Kolitha Wickramage, Lawrence Gostin, Eric Friedman, Phusit Prakongsai, Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Charles Hui, Patrick Duigan, Eliana Barragan, David Harper
Infectious disease health services for refugees and asylum seekers during a time of crisis: A scoping study of six European Union countries
Author/s: Kayvan Bozorgmehr, Mariya Samuilova, Roumyana Petrova-Benedict, Enrico Girardi, Pierluca Piselli, Alexander Kentikelenis
La salud de los migrantes internacionales en el mundo en vías de desarrollo: Reflexiones desde el lente de la desigualdad
Author/s: Báltica Cabieses, Carlos Van der Laat
Migration histories of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients from the Thailand-Myanmar border, 2012-2014
Author/s: CC Thi, DM PArker, LL Swe, S Pukrittayakamee, CL Ling, K Amornpaisarnloet, M Vincent-Delmas, FH Nosten
SETTING: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a growing public health threat in South-East Asia. TB is typically a disease of poverty and can be spread by infected humans who migrate from one region to another.
DESIGN: We interviewed 20 MDR-TB patients on the Thailand-Myanmar border with regard to their migration histories. Migration origins and destinations were mapped.
RESULTS: All but one participant had a history of migration, and maps of…Read more
Author/s: Andrew Azman, John Rumunu, Abdinasir Abubakir, Haley West, Iza Ciglenecki, Trina Helderman, Joseph Francis Wamala, Olimpia Dela Rosa Vasquez, William Perea, David Sack, Dominique Legros, Stephen Martin, Justin Lessler, Francis Luquero
Following mass population displacements in South Sudan, preventive cholera vaccination campaigns were conducted in displaced persons camps before a 2014 cholera outbreak. We compare cholera transmission in vaccinated and unvaccinated areas and show vaccination likely halted transmission within vaccinated areas, illustrating the potential for oral cholera vaccine to stop cholera transmission in vulnerable populations.