This publications portal is a repository of all IOM migration health publications from 2006 to present where IOM was a primary contributor.
Publications include peer-reviewed scientific papers, technical reports, training guides/manuals, policy briefs/discussion papers, factsheets, newsletters, research reviews, conference and poster presentations. These are categorized by topic, author, country/region covered as well as by year, language, and type of publication. The map reflects the countries covered by the publications.
To browse or search: simply use the filter options on the left-hand side. Alternatively, you can enter keyword/s in the search box. Selecting a specific publication will lead to a ‘download’ link or link to the website where the document is housed. Here is the step-by-step guide for your reference.
Health profile of pediatric Special Immigrant Visa holders arriving from Iraq and Afghanistan to the United States, 2009–2017: A cross-sectional analysis
Author/s: Simone S. Wien, Gayathri S. Kumar, Oleg O. Bilukha, Walid Slim, Heather M. Burke, Emily S. Jentes
The United States has admitted over 80,000 Special Immigrant Visa holders (SIVH), which include children. Despite the increase in the proportion of SIVH admissions to the US over recent years, little is known about health conditions in SIV children. We report the frequency of selected diseases identified overseas and assess differences in selected conditions between SIV children from Iraq and Afghanistan.
Methods and…Read more
Using artificial intelligence to read chest radiographs for tuberculosis detection: A multi-site evaluation of the diagnostic accuracy of three deep learning systems
Author/s: Zhi Zhen Qin, Melissa S. Sander, Bishwa Rai, Collins N. Titahong, Santat Sudrungrot, Sylvain N. Laah, Lal Mani Adhikari, E. Jane Carter, Lekha Puri, Andrew J. Codlin, & Jacob Creswell
Deep learning (DL) neural networks have only recently been employed to interpret chest radiography (CXR) to screen and triage people for pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). No published studies have compared multiple DL systems and populations. We conducted a retrospective evaluation of three DL systems (CAD4TB, Lunit INSIGHT, and qXR) for detecting TB-associated abnormalities in chest radiographs from outpatients in Nepal and Cameroon. All 1196 individuals received a Xpert MTB/RIF assay and a CXR…Read more
Impact of enhanced health interventions for United States–bound refugees: Evaluating best practices in migration health
Author/s: Tarissa Mitchell, Deborah Lee, Michelle Weinberg, Christina Phares, Nicola James, Kittisak Amornpaisarnloet, Lalita Aumpipat, Gretchen Cooley, Anita Davies, Valerie Daw Tin Shwe, Vasil Gajdadziev, Olga Gorbacheva, Chutharat Khwan-Niam, Alexander Klosovsky, Waritorn Madilokkowit, Diana Martin, Naing Zaw Htun Myint, Thi Ngoc Yen Nguyen, Thomas Nutman, Elise O’Connell, Luis Ortega, Sugunya Prayadsab, Chetdanai Srimanee, Wasant Supakunatom, Vattanachai Vesessmith, William Stauffer
With an unprecedented number of displaced persons worldwide, strategies for improving the health of migrating populations are critical. United States–bound refugees undergo a required overseas medical examination to identify inadmissible conditions (e.g., tuberculosis) 2–6 months before resettlement, but it is limited in scope and may miss important, preventable infectious, chronic, or nutritional causes of morbidity. We sought to evaluate the feasibility and health impact…Read more
Author/s: Margaret Coleman, Heather Burke, Bethany Welstead, Tarissa Mitchell, Eboni Taylor, Dmitry Shapovalov, Brian Maskery, Heesoo Joo, Michelle Weinberg
- Background: On August 24, 2011, 31 US-bound refugees from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (KL) arrived in Los Angeles. One of them was diagnosed with measles post-arrival. He exposed others during a flight, and persons in the community while disembarking and seeking medical care. As a result, 9 cases of measles were identified.
- Methods: We estimated costs of response to this outbreak and conducted a comparative…
Migration histories of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients from the Thailand-Myanmar border, 2012-2014
Author/s: CC Thi, DM PArker, LL Swe, S Pukrittayakamee, CL Ling, K Amornpaisarnloet, M Vincent-Delmas, FH Nosten
SETTING: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a growing public health threat in South-East Asia. TB is typically a disease of poverty and can be spread by infected humans who migrate from one region to another.
DESIGN: We interviewed 20 MDR-TB patients on the Thailand-Myanmar border with regard to their migration histories. Migration origins and destinations were mapped.
RESULTS: All but one participant had a history of migration, and maps of…Read more
International Consultation on Pre-Departure Health Assessments: Migrations health assessments as a public health good
Author/s: IOM, Government of Sri Lanka
Pre-departure migrant health assessment forms an integral part of the immigration processes worldwide. Health assessment experts from the countries of origin and destination met for the first time to discuss the current pre-departure health assessment practices, challenges and opportunities for collaboration. This consultation was organized by the Ministry of Health Sri Lanka, with the support of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the United Nations…Read more
Economic Analysis of the Impact of Overseas and Domestic Treatment and Screening Options for Intestinal Helminth Infection among US-Bound Refugees from Asia
Author/s: Brian Maskery, Margaret S. Coleman, Michelle Weinberg, Weigong Zhou, Lisa Rotz, Alexander Klosovsky, Paul T. Cantey, LeAnne M. Fox, Martin S. Cetron, William M. Stauffer
BACKGROUND: Many U.S.-bound refugees travel from countries where intestinal parasites (hookworm, Trichuris trichuria, Ascaris lumbricoides, and Strongyloides stercoralis) are endemic. These infections are rare in the United States and may be underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed, leading to potentially serious consequences. This evaluation examined the costs and benefits of combinations of overseas presumptive treatment of parasitic diseases vs. domestic screening/treating vs. no program.
Prevalence of and risk factors for active tuberculosis in migrants screened before entry to the UK: a population-based cross-sectional study
Author/s: Robert Aldridge, Dominik Zenner, Peter White, Morris Muzyamba, Miranda Loutet, Poonam Dhavan, Davide Mosca, Andrew Hayward, Ibrahim Abubakar
Background: An increasing number of countries with low incidence of tuberculosis have pre-entry screening programmes for migrants. We present the fi rst estimates of the prevalence of and risk factors for tuberculosis in migrants from 15 high-incidence countries screened before entry to the UK.
Methods: We did a population-based cross-sectional study of applicants for long-term visas who were screened for tuberculosis before entry to the UK in a…Read more
This report presents child growth and malnutrition status of refugee children examined by the IOM Health Assessment Programme at select locations namely Ethiopia, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Malaysia, Nepal, Thailand, Rwanda, South Africa and Uganda. The report analyses prevalence of three key indicators for protein–energy malnutrition, namely, weight-for-height or wasting, height-for-age or stunting, and weight-for-age or underweight. Data for this analysis is generated from the…Read more
Author/s: Asm Amanullah, Sushil Baral, Rekha Khatri, Sudeep Uprey, Bishnu Dulal
This study among Nepalese migrants is under the IOM project “Strengthening Government’s Capacity of Selected South Asian Countries to Address the Health of Migrants through a Multi-sectoral Approach”. It is implemented in Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan. The three objectives of the project were to: (1.) Conduct an in-depth assessment among the three South Asian countries to assess health vulnerabilities of migrants, including their access to health and other social services…Read more