Public Health Interventions to Mitigate Early Spread of SARS-CoV-2 in Poland

Pinkas J.,
Jankowski M.,
Szumowski Ł.,
Lusawa A.,
Zgliczyński W.S.,
Raciborski F.,
Wierzba W.,
Gujski M.
Document Type
Source Title
Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
NLM (Medline)


This study aimed (1) to present public health interventions to mitigate the early spread of SARS-CoV-2 implemented in Poland between January 9 and March 29, 2020, and (2) to analyze the potential impact of these regulations on the early phase of the COVID-19 outbreak in Poland. All legal regulations published in the Journal of Laws between January 9 and March 29, 2020, were analyzed. Out of 406 legal regulations identified, 56 were related to the COVID-19 outbreak. Moreover, the official announcements published on the governmental websites dedicated to the coronavirus and health issues were analyzed. On March 4, Poland reported the first laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 case. On March 9, Poland introduced border sanitary control. Six days after the first laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 case, all mass events in Poland were banned. All schools and universities were closed 8 days after the first COVID-19 case. All gastronomic facilities and sport and entertainment services were limited starting on March 14. Eleven days after the first COVID-19 case, controls at all Polish borders were introduced, and a ban on entry into Poland by foreigners (with some exemptions) was implemented. Starting on March 15, all citizens returning from abroad had to undergo compulsory 14 days self-quarantine. On March 20, a state of epidemic was announced, which resulted in new social distancing measures starting on March 25. In Poland, compared to other European countries, far-reaching solutions were implemented relatively early to reduce the spread of infection.

Migration angle
Region/Country (by coverage)
Index Keywords

Betacoronavirus; communicable disease control; coronavirus disease 2019; Coronavirus infection; emergency; epidemic; human; pandemic; Poland; procedures; quarantine; Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2; virus pneumonia; Betacoronavirus; Communicable Disease Control; Coronavirus Infections; Emergencies; Epidemics; Humans; Pandemics; Pneumonia, Viral; Poland; Quarantine