This information sheet describes IOM's Migration Health Assessments (MHA). MHA consist of an evaluation of the physical and mental health status of migrants, made either prior to departure or upon arrival, for the purpose of resettlement, international employment, enrollment in specific migrant assistance programs, or for obtaining a temporary or permanent visa. Reflecting national differences in immigration and public policies and practices, there is a diverse range of assessment requirements, the most common denominator being the need to ensure that the migration process does not endanger the health of either the migrant or the host population.
The purpose of the health assessments is to identify and address conditions of public health concern in order to mitigate the impact of the migrants’ disease burden on national health or social services. The program also seeks to address the migrants’ specific health needs in order to facilitate integration with the host community.