IOM’s approach to responding to disease outbreaks and preparing for future health threats is particularly anchored upon human mobility, notably through the Health, Border and Mobility Management (HBMM) framework. This document provides the scope of HBMM that ranges from collection and analysis of information on mobility patterns, to disease surveillance and health threat response mechanisms at spaces of vulnerability along mobility pathways. HBMM, therefore, ultimately contributes to health system strengthening that is sensitive to mobility dynamics, notably at the primary health care level.
- THE MOBILITY CONTINUUM: STAGES OF MOBILITY AND SPACES OF VULNERABILITY
- THE FOUR PILLARS OF THE HBMM FRAMEWORK
- UNPACKING THE 10 COMPONENTS OF THE HBMM FRAMEWORK
- PILLAR 1: POLICIES AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK ON HEALTH, BORDER AND MOBILITY MANAGEMENT
- PILLAR 2: OPERATIONAL RESEARCH, EVIDENCE, DATA GATHERING AND SHARING - Activity 1: Needs assessment, operational research and data collection; Activity 2: Surveillance / CEBS / IDSR; Activity 3: Data analysis and risk mapping; and Activity 4: Data dissemination and reporting
- PILLAR 3: ENHANCED CAPACITY OF HEALTH SYSTEMS AND BORDER MANAGEMENT SERVICES - Activity 5: SOP development (IPC, case management, and migration management), training manuals/curriculum, simulation of PHEIC events, and training implementation; Activity 6: Health screening and referral; Activity 7: Health management and public health response system; and, Activity 8: Provision of infrastructure and supplies
- PILLAR 4: INTER-SECTORAL AND MULTI-COUNTRY PARTNERSHIPS AND NETWORKS - Activity 9: Social mobilization, population awareness, and behaviour change; and Activity 10: Coordination and dialogue