Epidemiological characteristics and treatment outcomes of hospitalized patients with COVID-19 in Ethiopia

Author/s
Gebremariam B.M.,
Shienka K.L.,
Kebede B.A.,
Abiche M.G.
Year
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Source Title
The Pan African medical journal
Publisher
NLM (Medline)

Description

Introduction: coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has been identified as the cause of an outbreak of respiratory illness which epidemiologically linked to the seafood and wet animal wholesale market in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. Since there is paucity of research on characteristics and treatment outcomes of COVID-19, the finding of this study will helps to provide insight for the effectiveness of measures to fight against coronavirus disease in resource-limited countries. Methods: a retrospective review of released data about cases in daily bases and documents from Ethiopian public health institute website. In this article, we included and analyzed data of cases from 13 March to 13 May 2020 which were available at the time of the review. Results: a total of 263 cases were included (median age, 34 years [range, 0.9-85 years]; 76% male). COVID-19 cases among age group 15-24 years and 25-34 years were 92(35%) and 76(28.9%) respectively. More than half (55.5%) of cases had travel history abroad and African countries are the leading 64(24.3%). About 167(63.5%) cases were identified based on symptom-based surveillance and the finding confirmed an interrupted kind of epidemiological curve. Whereas, one-third (41.1%) were recovered and the overall case fatality rate was 1.9%. Four out of five patients in ICU were deceased after 2-6days spent in critical care. Conclusion: an integrated action includes the provision of health education to youths, taking measures to rise up treatment outcomes, enhancing ICU care quality. Moreover, tightening prevention and restriction measures to flattening the curve and also establishment of fast detection and advanced treatment of cases were critically requires through the patriotic efforts of frontline health workers, leaders, and stakeholders. Copyright: Beminet Moges Gebremariam et al.

Migration angle
Region/Country (by coverage)
Index Keywords

adolescent; adult; aged; child; epidemiology; Ethiopia; female; hospitalization; human; infant; male; middle aged; preschool child; retrospective study; therapy; treatment outcome; very elderly; young adult; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Child; Child, Preschool; COVID-19; Ethiopia; Female; Hospitalization; Humans; Infant; Male; Middle Aged; Retrospective Studies; Treatment Outcome; Young Adult