This volume is the first in a new Springer series to examine one of humanity’s most pressing concerns: global migration and its implications for development. As population mobility grows in an ever more crowded world, the Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD) has emerged as the most important global mechanism to deal with the urgent challenges it presents. This book explores fresh strategies proposed by theGFMD in its fourth year of operation in Mexico and beyond. Interrogating the relationship between migration and development, the papers advance the Global Forum’s aims of reducing poverty and empowering low-income families everywhere.
In 2010, there were 214 million international migrants worldwide, nearly two and a half times the number in 1965. By 2050, international migration is likely to expand sharply in scale, reach and complexity, due to growing demographic disparities, environmental change, shifting global political and economic dynamics, technological innovations and social networks. Migration can bring substantial gains to families in less-developed countries, and mobile labor is an axiomatic feature of the global economy. Yet outward migration of skilled workers can seriously retard development at home, and exert pressure on wages in host nations. Balancing these and other conflicting concerns requires the substantive and expert discourse offered in this book.
Contributors discuss, and propose concrete solutions to, vital issues such as the debilitating costs of cross-border labor recruitment and the provision of social and income protection for foreign contract workers. With suggestions on how to facilitate connections between transnational families, and gender- and family-sensitive immigration regimes, this book aims to foster collaborative intergovernmental links as well as partnerships between governments, civil society and international organizations.
- Foreword by National Institue of Migration Commissioner, Salvador Beltran del Rio, and International Organization for Migration Director General, William Lacy Swing
- Introduction: Making the Connections Between Migration and Development by Irena Omelaniuk
- Reducing Migration Costs and Maximizing Human Developmentby Philip Martin
- Textbox 1: Circular Migration as a Development Tool: The Mauritian Approach by Ali Mansoor, Anil K. Kokil, and Vivekanandsingh Joysuree
- Textbox 2: Final Report from Sweden's Parliamentary Committee for Circular Migration and Development by Stephen Dippel
- Social Protection for Temporary Migrant Workers: What Programs Serve Them Best? by Robert Holzmann and Yann Pouget
- Textbox 3: Strengthening Migration Health Management in Sri Lanka by IOM Geneva and IOM Sri Lanka
- Migration, Gender, and Family by Juan Carlos Calleros Alarcon
- Textbox 4: Global Care Workers at the Interface of Migration and Development by Jean D'Cunha
- Irregular Migration: Causes, Patterns, and Strategies by Stephen Castles, Magdalena Arias Cubas, Chulhyo Kim, and Derya Ozkul
- Climate Change, Migration, and Development by Susan Martin and Koko Warner
- Assessing the Impact of Migration Policies on Economic and Social Development by Khalid Koser
- Textbox 5: Measuring the Household Effects of Temporary Overseas Work: A Unique New Study in India by Michael Clemens
- Regional and Inter-regional Processes: Advancing the Discourse and Action on Migration and Development by Maureen Achieng
- Civil Society, the Common Space, and the GFMD by Chukwu-Emeka Chikezie
- The GFMD and the Governance of International Migration by Kathleen Newland